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Residential Pest Control
Some household pests you can live with - the odd fly in the kitchen or line of ants along the bench will do little harm. Yet many household pests have the potential to do a lot of damage - to yours and your family's health, your home itself, and your visitors.Here's why residential pest control should be one of your top priorities:
- Potential for disease: Household pests are commonly known to spread diseases like salmonella, streptococcus, staphylococcus, leptospirosis, Ross River fever, dengue fever, encephalitis and even the bubonic plague. It is not unknown of cases of iron deficiency anaemia to be caused by bed bugs, also.
- Cut down cleaning time: Cockroaches, mice and rodents are particularly dirty - get rid of them and you'll cut down cleaning time.
- Protect your property: Termites are the best-known danger to your home's actual structure. However, mice and rats can also chew electrical cables, causing household fires.
- Reclaim your backyard: It is often when the weather is best, that pests like mosquitoes and flies are worst
There are a number of ant species that infest homes and buildings. However, the carpenter ant is perhaps the only species that damage wood and are encountered in homes. They do not consume the wood but only build their nests within it. Their foods, similar to those of many other house-infesting ants, are found in kitchens, pantries and other areas where food is stored. Carpenter ants are the largest of the house-infesting ants. Workers within the colony range in size from about 3/16 to 5/8 inches in length. Color varies among species, although black seems to be predominant.
Carpenter ants, like termites, tend to prefer wood that is partially decayed by wood rot. However, they will also attack perfectly sound wood as well. They excavate wood members of buildings, especially when a cavity or enclosed space already exists. Often, these cavities are enlarged to the point that structural damage occurs. Shredded fragments of wood, similar in appearance to coarse sawdust, are ejected from the galleries through preexisting cracks or slits made by the ants. When such accumulations are found (typically containing dead ants and bits of insects which the carpenter ants have eaten), it's a good indication that a carpenter ant nest is nearby.
Bed Bug Extermination
Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed solely upon the blood of warm-blooded animals. They have adapted well to living in the homes of people. They are most abundant in rooms where people sleep, and they generally hide nearest the bed or other furniture used for sleeping. When disturbed, they actively seek shelter in dark cracks and crevices.They seek out people and animals, generally at night while these hosts are asleep, and painlessly sip a few drops of blood. While feeding, they inject a tiny amount saliva into the skin and drink the host's blood.
Hatchling bed bugs are about the size of a poppy seed, and adults are about 1/4 of an inch in length. Their color ranges from nearly white (just after molting) or a light tan to a deep brown or burnt orange. The host's blood may appear as a dark red or black mass within the bug's body.
Once their identity is confirmed, a careful plan should be devised to eliminate the bed bugs in a manner that promotes success while limiting unnecessary costs and exposure to insecticides. Don't discard furniture and don't treat until and unless you have a plan.
The best defense against cockroaches is a clean kitchen and bathroom. If roaches are a problem in your home or apartment, vacuum well and wash the area with a strong soap. Dispose of the vacuum cleaner bag in a sealed container.
- German Cockroach: Adults are 1/2 to 5/8 inch long. They are pale brown or tan with two parallel black streaks on the shield which covers the head German cockroach females protect their egg cases by carrying them around. The egg case protrudes from her body until the eggs are nearly ready to hatch. Each case can contain 30 to 48 eggs that require about 2 weeks to hatch. A female German cockroach may produce between one and seven cases during her life. Adults may live 3 to 4 months. German cockroach nymphs are about 1/8 inch long when they hatch. They are uniformly dark, except for a light brownish area in the middle of the body.
- American Cockroach: Adults range in size from 1-1/2 to 2 inches long . Generally, they are red-brown in color, with pale yellow "halo-like" markings on the pronotum above the head. The nymphs are about 3/16 inch long when they hatch from the egg case and are initially gray-brown. American cockroaches are often found in dark, moist, warm areas, especially around sewers, storage rooms, and garbage sites. Along the coast, they may be found in trees, especially palmettos. When inside, they generally stay on the basement and first floor levels. Adults may fly on warm evenings.
- Oriental Cockroach: Adults are 1 to 1-1/4 inches long and dark brown to jet black in color. The wings of the males are not quite as long as the body, while the females have only small wing pads. The nymphs are about 1/4 inch long when they hatch and go from red to brown as they develop. These cockroaches prefer dark, damp, relatively cool locations. These cockroaches are commonly found in bathtubs because they have difficulty climbing smooth surfaces. They also can be found in water meter boxes, sewer lines, leaf litter, crawl spaces, and basements. In a structure, they rarely go above the basement level.
The adult fleas are about 1/16 to 1/8-inch long, dark reddish-brown, wingless, hard-bodied (difficult to crush between fingers), have three pairs of legs (hind legs enlarged enabling jumping) and are flattened vertically or side to side (bluegill or sunfish-like) allowing easy movement between the hair, fur or feathers of the host. Fleas are excellent jumpers, leaping vertically up to seven inches and horizontally thirteen inches.
Eggs are smooth, oval and white. Larvae are 1/4-inch long, slender, straw-colored, brown headed, wormlike, bristly-haired creatures (13 body segments), that are legless, have chewing mouthparts, are active, and avoid light. Pupae are enclosed in silken cocoons covered with particles of debris.
Normally after a blood meal, the female flea lays about 15 to 20 eggs per day up to 600 in a lifetime usually on the host. Eggs loosely laid in the hair coat, drop out most anywhere especially where the host rests, sleeps or nests (rugs, carpets, upholstered furniture, cat or dog boxes, kennels, sand boxes, etc.). Eggs hatch in two days to two weeks into larvae found indoors in floor cracks & crevices, along baseboards, under rug edges and in furniture or beds.
Before treatment, discuss the pet's habits with family members to determine where resting and sleeping occurs most frequently. Flea activity "hot spots" can be detected by placing white socks over shoes and walking through the residence into suspected areas.
Flea control is best achieved with a simultaneous, coordinated effort involving strict sanitation, pet treatment and premise treatment.
These termite colonies can have up to 2 million members! Their colonies are divided into three groups; workers, soldier and reproductives.
- Diet: Termites eat wood, wallpaper, plastics and fabrics made from plants.
- Habitat: Subterranean termites need contact with the soil to survive. They live in underground colonies or in wet areas aboveground. They build tunnels to reach food and every spring, groups of reproductive termites fly off to start nwew colonies.
- Impact: Subterranean termites are the most destructive kind of termite. They can eat a lot of wood and they can cause a lot of expensive damage to a house! They can destroy building foundations, wooden support beams, plastic plumbing pipes, sub-flooring, insulation... even swimming pool liners and filtration systems! Termites can also inhure or destroyliving trees and shrubs
- Prevention: Don't let water pool aroud your home's foundation. Termites like that! Never leave wood scraps in the yard for them to snack on.
While termite swarmers are a nuisance, they do not cause damage. Their sole function is to find a mate and begin a new colony.Termites are different from almost all other insects in that they can convert the cellulose in wood products back into sugar and utilize it as a food source. They receive nourishment from the sugars and starch which the tree stored during its growth. Still other insects, such as carpenter ants and carpenter bees, get no food whatever from the wood but simply excavates holes and cavities in the wood to provide protective shelter.
Spiders are one of the most feared home invaders. There are more phobias about spiders than any other pest, and understandably so. If you get bitten by the wrong spider - a black widow or a brown recluse - and you have a bad reaction to the venom, you can end up in the hospital. And yes, there have even been some deaths associated with spiders (though much less than you would think - six per decade in the U.S.).
In order to control spiders, there are several things that are important to know. Don't expect perfection in spider control; they are biologically not very receptive to chemical agents and not very cooperative in picking up pesticides. So just spraying alone is not a great defense against spiders. As you know, spiders are built high off the ground. They don't drag their bellies across surfaces. An insecticide residue on the surface only touches their feet. (Yes, they have feet.) But there's not a circulatory system that will take the insecticide to the organs within the body to cause a quick death. That kind of contact won't cut it for good spider control.
The best way to prevent unpleasant encounters with social wasps is to avoid them. If you know where they are, try not to go near their nesting places. Wasps can become very defensive when their nest is disturbed. If you cannot avoid them, first try repelling them using a fake nest such as the 'Bee Free Wasp Deterrent'. These fake nests work because wasps are territorial, and do not want to build a nest near another wasp's nest. Failing that, you can use a non-toxic wasp trap, such as the Glass Wasp Trap, or the Oak Stump Farms Trap.
Using pesticides to control wasps (yellowjackets) can be effective, but these chemicals are harmful to the environment. Careless use of pesticides can also pose risks to the person applying the chemicals.
Rodent control starts with a detailed survey to identify the type of infestation and the degree of intrusion. Only after a complete inspection can a proper rodent control program be recommended. A typical rodent program includes survey and assessment, exclusion and trapping, monitoring and cleaning. These steps are generally followed by population control and other maintenance programs. Rodents not only are vectors of disease, but also cause damage to structures and their contents.Type:
- Roof Rat (Rattus Rattus)
- Norway Rat (Rattus Norvegicus)
- House Mouse (Mus Musculus)